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The types of anti-infective drugs

April 25, 2017

Anti-infective drugs are used to stop the growth of agents causing infections or anti-infective drugsin some cases, even kill them. Anti-infective is an umbrella term for all the drugs that can be used to combat infections such as antibacterials, antifungals, antibiotics, antiprotozoans and antivirals.

The most common problems that anti-infective drugs provide a solution to are as follows:

  • Pneumonia
  • Endocarditis
  • Catheter sepsis
  • Abscesses
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Fungal infections
  • Cellulitis
  • Lyme disease
  • Chronic urinary tract infections
  • Osteomyelitis

Anti-infective therapy is not popular only because of the reason that it helps get rid of myriad of infectious diseases, but also the fact that it can be safely administered at home. The unimportance of hospital and clinical procedures and requirements make it one of the best home therapies available.

The different type of anti-infective drugs that are available include the following:

  • Antifungals
  • Anthelmintics
  • Antiviral agents
  • Antimalarial agents
  • Antituberculosis agents
  • Quinolones
  • Tetracyclines
  • Penicillins
  • Antibiotics
  • Leprostatics
  • Urinary anti-infectives
  • Glycylcyclines
  • Sulfonamides
  • Amebicides
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Cephalosporins
  • Carbapenems
  • Lincomycin derivatives
  • Macrolide derivatives

Though considered as one of the most effective ways of treating infections, few side effects like general weakness, fatigue, mild fever and nausea might be experienced after the use of anti-infective drugs. However, these are expected to go away in a little time and therefore, if the problems persist, the physician must be consulted. Also, in some cases, allergic responses are seen. Under such circumstances, immediate help must be sought. Again it is noteworthy that the repeated use of anti-infective drugs increases resistance of pathogens against it over time. This makes the drugs completely ineffective. Therefore, this is an urgent problem that must be addressed at the earliest. Researches related to bringing certain changes to the drug that would not allow the infectious agents to resist it, must be considered so that the drugs can be conveniently and effectively be used to treat infections in the future.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.